عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Background and Aims: Waste management in rural areas can help to protect human health and improve people’s life quality in the rural areas, reducing environmental pollution, cultivate the recycling and reuse, and change the waste to bio-energy. Thus, the present study aimed to assess the quality and quantity of wastesin Firozeh cityvillages in the second quarter of 2013.
Material and Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study. HematabadZamani center is a rural areasof Firozeh citylocated in KhorasanRazavi province.In this study 3906 peoplewereunder investigation. the quality , quantity and weight percentage of produced solids in the villageareas were calculated separately. Furthermore,per capitawaste production was estimated for each village separately.
Results: According to achieved data the total amount of produced waste in the region during 3 weeks was 12552 Kg and per capita production in the region was 357 g , daily. The maximum waste amount production(1688 Kg) linked to garbage and trash and the minimum amount of waste production (43 Kg) wasrelated to aluminum and bottles. Papers and cartons were the most dominant discarded materials in terms of quality. In the surveyed villages, Kafkey village had the greatest amount of waste weighing 3491 Kg. The total amount of recyclable, biodegradable and putrefying materials were estimated 5821.5 Kg.
Conclusion: Considering the high amount of recyclable materials in the region, the waste separation program from the source would be practical.However,due to the small amount of waste production in each village,it is recommended that the waste management program should be implemented for some neighboring vilages, simultaneously. In this way, the environmental pollution would be reduced and also it wouldeconomically be a good revenue for the collectors