عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Introduction:Energy is one of the most important factors for development and the main factor in production. Unfortunately in public centers such as student dormitories, energy is not managing in an appropriate way as no one pays the charges individually. In this research we have assessed energy consumption in Sabzevar University of medical science student dormitories and provided strategic plans for energy management.
Materials and methods: in this descriptive – cross sectional study we have evaluated the average consumption of energy (electricity, water and gas) in male (170 persons) and female (170) Sabzevar University of medical science dormitories between 2011 and 2012. In order to calculate the energy consumption per capita of each energy meters (electricity, water and gas); January, February and March were representative for the cold seasons and April, May and June were representative for warm seasons. Energy consumption was documented once a day in these seasons continuously. Data of this research is analyzed by SPSS software. Results: Our research revealed that electricity, water and gas consumption per capita in male dormitory was 2.6 kilowatt per day, 132 liter per day and 0.4 cubic meters respectively. These values in female dormitory were 0.6 kilowatt per day, 73 liter per day and 0.9 cubic meters per day respectively. In general, the consumption per capita was lower than general population. One reason of this difference could be the limited access of students to these sources of energy and amenities. Because an educated population of our city have enrolled in this research, their knowledge and attitude toward consumption of nonrenewable energy resources can be important in optimizing the energy consumption. Conclusion: Despite of lower rate of energy consumption in student dormitories versus general population, we can significantly reduce energy consumption by planning an accurate energy managing program. Some simple programs can be made to reduce energy consumption such as reduction in water usage and optimizing the use of electricity and gas by use of electrical or pedal faucets, compact fluorescent lights, isolation of radiator rooms and radiator thermoregulatory respectively