عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Introduction: Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is an acute febrile zoonotic disease CCHF is caused by Nairovirus, a genus in the family Bunyaviridae. While this disease will not have serious complication for animals, domestic animals can transmit this virus to humans. Most of the infected people are butchers, farmers, veterinarians and hospital staffs. High grade fever, headache, weakness, arthritis and myositis, nausea, abdominal pain and diarrhea are most common features. Causative organism, geographical distribution and the history of CCHF is presented in this review article.
Methods& materials: According to the seriousness and longtime history of this disease in Iran, in this report we have tried to evaluate CCHF, particularly in Iran. So, articles, books, and validated internet pages with up-to-date information were used in this article.
Results: CCHF has been reported from approximately 30 countries around the word such as Africa, Middle East, east Europe and East Asia. This virus will transmitted to human by direct tick bite or directly by infected animal or human. Rapid diagnosis of this medical condition is an important issue which is now a possible because of widespread of molecular testes. Conclusion: CCHF has been reported from different parts of the word. Iran is a country which has reported cases of CCHF in some provinces such as Sistan and Baluchistan, Isfahan, Fars, Khuzestan by preventing this disease we can guarantee our community health.