عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Background and Purpose: Varicose is a vascular disease which is related with the profession of patients, and is common among people who have to remain is standing position due to their professions. It causes veins to become abnormally swollen, and vein valves to dysfunction; this is more common with Saphen veins. Associated with many physical and psychological disorders, lower limb varicose can affect one’s efficiency. Therefore, the present study is conducted to study the prevalence of varicose in nurses and lower rank caregivers employed at the hospitals in Sabzevar, Iran in 2007.
Methods and Materials: This study is descriptive involving 162 caregiving personnel. Validity was obtained through content validity, and reliability was checked through Cronbach alpha with a confidence interval of 95%. Chi-square and logistic regression were used for data analysis.
Results: The study was conducted on 116 (111 male and 51 female) subjects. These included 136 nurses and 26 lower rank caregivers, with 92 (56.8%) cases health and 70 (43.3% with varicose. Those suffering from varicose suffered from weak (26.5%), medium (14.2%) and sever (2.5%) varicose. Significant relationship was found to exist between gender, taking hormonal drugs, history of surgery and walking with varicose at a significance level of 0.05. But the relationship between other variables was not significant. Logistic regression analysis revealed that among all variables analyzed, gender and occupation were associated with varicose. The results indicated that chances of developing varicose in women were 4.03 times that of men; and in lower rank caregivers 3.71 times that of nurses.
Conclusion: Considering the high prevalence of varicose, training is essential and helpful in order to prevent the occurrence of varicose in the medical caregivers